(1955). The region was a hotbed of the Indian independence movement and has remained one of India's great artistic and intellectual centres. The company gained the right to collect revenue in Bengal subah (province) in 1765 with the signing of the treaty between the East India company and the Mughal emperor following the Battle of Buxar in 1764. Rice is the state's principal food crop. Tags: Bengali vs Outsiders BJP Dilip Ghosh SHAH RUKH KHAN TMC West Bengal Elections 2021 West Bengal Elections with ABP Ananda West Bengal politics সম্পর্কিত ঘটনা The ‘Bengali And Non-Bengali’ Divide In West Bengal Politics. It is the largest stadium in India by seating capacity. The Kolkata Port Trust manages the Kolkata and the Haldia docks. The Hindu College was established in 1817. According to the provisional results of the 2011 national census, West Bengal is the fourth-most-populous state in India with a population of 91,347,736 (7.55% of India's population). Data reveals that out of all the criminal cases from across India in which foreigners were booked, West Bengal came first with a whopping share of 49 per cent. In most of the state, cycle rickshaws and in Kolkata, hand-pulled rickshaws and electric rickshaws are used for short-distance travel. And Shaheen Bagh, the recent election in Bihar and the ongoing farmers’ movement have also demonstrated that it is possible … West Bengal is a state located in east India and the fourth populated state. West Bengal is a state in India located along the Bay of Bengal. Politics West Bengal. [3] West Bengal also has the 28th-highest ranking among Indian states in human development index, with the index value being less than that of India. Bengali dance forms draw from people traditions, especially those of the tribal gatherings and also the broader Indian dance traditions. West Bengal also has the highest number of incidents of attempt to rape at 944, victims at 958 and the second highest rate at 2. [141] There are also private bus companies. These are probably descendants of Bangal migrants from the east. The Council of Ministers are appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. [94] Much of the vegetation of the western part of the state has similar species composition with the plants of the Chota Nagpur plateau in the adjoining state of Jharkhand. The front entrance to the academic block of NUJS, Kolkata. The Governor is the Head of State appointed by the President of India. Now, West Bengal, once the birthplace of the rich modern Bengali culture, has become a state in India increasingly dominated by Hindi culture backed by north and western Indian corporate interests. Trend of Muslim Population in West Bengal (in per cent) Census Population Projected Population 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 2021 2031 2041 19.85 20.00 20.46 21.52 23.61 25.25 26.86 27.89 28.70 29.36 Source: Census of India In West Bengal Hindus … Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. Mosques, madrasas and khanqahs were built throughout these stages. For other uses, see, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFChandra1989 (, Population of West Bengal (80,221,171) is 7.8% of India's population (1,027,015,247), seventh-most populous country subdivision, West Bengal State Assembly Election in 2011, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, West Bengal Surface Transport Corporation, List of institutions of higher education in West Bengal, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research, Kolkata, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, S. 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Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers, National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology, Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, National Institute of Biomedical Genomics, List of colleges and universities in West Bengal, "Centre appoints four new Governors, Jagdeep Dhankar now in-charge of West Bengal", "Area, population, decennial growth rate and density for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: West Bengal", Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Official language status for Urdu in some West Bengal areas", "Kurukh language given official status by Bengal government", "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi make it to list of official languages in", "Sex ratio, 0–6 age population, literates and literacy rate by sex for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: West Bengal", "Introduction and Human Development Indices for West Bengal", "Murder, most foul – the people of Bengal created the darkness that envelops them", "20 Indian States Have Debt Levels Higher Than Threshold, Shows RBI State Finances Report", "West Bengal – Medium Term Fiscal Policy & Fiscal Policy Strategy Statement", "India Tourism Statistics at a Glance 2018", "Bangladesh: early history, 1000 B.C.–A.D. According to the 2011 census, there were 658,618 Christians in West Bengal, or 0.72% of the population. Rabindrasangeet, songs composed and set to words by Rabindranath Tagore, and Nazrul geeti (by Kazi Nazrul Islam) are popular. The citadel of Gauḍa served as the capital of the Gauḍa Kingdom, the Pala Empire, and the Sena Empire. Population of West Bengal - Located between Himalayas and the Bay of Bengal, West Bengal is fourth most populous state in India. [243] Before its renovation in 2011, it was the second largest football stadium in the world, having a seating capacity of 120,000. The Kolkata metro is the country's first underground railway. Abanindranath Tagore, called the father of modern Indian art, started the Bengal School of Art, one of whose goals was to promote the development of styles of art outside the European realist tradition that had been taught in art colleges under the British colonial administration. At least nine districts in the state suffer from arsenic contamination of groundwater, and as of 2017 an estimated 1.04 crore people were afflicted by arsenic poisoning. The population of all cities and towns in the State of West Bengal by census years. “Of the 10 parliamentary seats where the non-Bengali population forms 30-40 percent, the TMC lost 6 seats,” says Kolkata-based political analyst and psephologist Biswanath Chakraborty. West Bengal (/bɛnˈɡɔːl/) is a state in the eastern region of India along the Bay of Bengal. In 2001, 80,221,171 people lived in West Bengal. [103] The state has one autonomous region, the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration. Total population of rural areas of West Bengal state was 62,183,113. [166], The latest Sample Registration System (SRS) statistical report shows that West Bengal has the lowest fertility rate among Indian states. State Congress president and leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury said Ghosh’s comment was an insult for Bengal. Its water flow management has been a source of lingering dispute between India and Bangladesh. 1. http://censusindia.gov.in/ One of the earliest foreign references to Bengal is a mention by the Ancient Greeks around 100 BCE of a land named Gangaridai located at the mouths of the Ganges. The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. [158] The gender ratio is 947 females per 1,000 males. With a total population of over 102 million people, it is most populous state in Eastern region of India. Also prominent are Dwijendralal, Atulprasad and Rajanikanta's songs, and adhunik or modern music from films and other composers. The population development of the State of West Bengal by census years. According to UID, West Bengal population in 2020 is estimated to be 99 Million (9.9 Crores). [172] Other notable figures include Kazi Nazrul Islam, whose compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Sangeet,[173] Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works on contemporary social practices in Bengal are widely acclaimed,[174] and Manik Bandyopadhyay, who is considered one of the leading lights of modern Bengali fiction. West Bengal is the fourth populous most state of India. [81] The Teesta, Torsa, Jaldhaka and Mahananda rivers are in the northern hilly region. [140], Several government-owned organisations operate bus services in the state, including: the Calcutta State Transport Corporation, the North Bengal State Transport Corporation, the South Bengal State Transport Corporation, the West Bengal Surface Transport Corporation and the Calcutta Tramways Company. For example, the foothills of the Himalayas, the Dooars, are densely wooded with sal and other tropical evergreen trees. [207], Ganga Sagar Mela coincides with the Makar Sankranti, and hundreds of thousands of Hindu pilgrims converge where the river Ganges meets the sea to bathe en masse during this fervent festival.[206]. [185], West Bengali films are shot mostly in studios in the Kolkata neighbourhood of Tollygunge; the name "Tollywood" (similar to Hollywood and Bollywood) is derived from that name. Bengalis make distinctive sweetmeats from milk products, including Rôshogolla, Chômchôm, Kalojam and several kinds of sondesh. of India for West Bengal state reveal that population of West Bengal has increased by 13.84% in this decade compared (2001-2011) to past decade (1991-2001). The Sundarbans are noted for a reserve project devoted to conserving the endangered Bengal tiger, although the forest hosts many other endangered species such as the Gangetic dolphin, river terrapin and estuarine crocodile. [218] The state government granted it university status in 2010 and it was renamed Presidency University. [195] Most of the people also consume eggs, chicken, mutton, and shrimp. Panta bhat (rice soaked overnight in water) with onion and green chili is a traditional dish consumed in rural areas. The state shares its borders with Assam, Bhutan, Nepal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bangladesh, Bihar and Sikkim.The capital city is Kolkata and it is ever vibrant. [91], From a phytogeographic viewpoint, the southern part of West Bengal can be divided into two regions: the Gangetic plain and the littoral mangrove forests of the Sundarbans. The state invites musical groups from Darjeeling and other North East India states to perform choir recitals, carols, and jazz numbers. [15] West Bengal has two World Heritage sites and ranks as the seventh-most visited tourist destination in India. A shorter reign of the Hindu Sena dynasty followed. The population is 91,347,736 and is the fourth most populous state in India. By Aritra Singha On Dec 2, 2020. The growth rate was 13.35% in 2014–2015. [220], Other higher education institutes of importance in West Bengal include: St. Xavier's College, Kolkata, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Indian Institute of Management Calcutta (the first IIM), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, Indian Statistical Institute, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (the first IIT), Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur (the first IIEST), Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research, Kolkata, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Kolkata, and West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences. [52] Bengalis played a major role in the Indian independence movement, in which revolutionary groups such as Anushilan Samiti and Jugantar were dominant. The 1987 Cricket World Cup final was hosted in Eden Gardens. Heavy rainfall of above 250 centimetres (98 in) is observed in the Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, and Cooch Behar district. Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence. Religions in West Bengal. A non-formal school project run by an NGO of tribal Santals in West Bengal proves that matters need not be that way. Total population of rural areas of West Bengal state was 62,183,113. [41], Subsequent Muslim conquests helped spread Islam throughout the region. In the same year, plans for a 300 billion Jindal Steel project was mothballed. [101], Politics in Bengal is dominated by the All India Trinamool Congress, Bharatiya Janata Party, Congress, and the Left Front alliance (led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist) or CPI(M)). In 2003 the state government supported the creation of West Bengal University of Technology, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, West Bengal State University, and Gour Banga University. [90] Extant wildlife includes Indian rhinoceros, Indian elephant, deer, leopard, gaur, tiger and crocodiles, as well as many bird species. It is decked up in lighting decorations and thousands of colourful pandals are set up where effigies of the goddess Durga and her four children are displayed and worshipped. The region around Kishanganj has a large Bengali speaking population. [230] Other major Bengali newspapers are: Bartaman, Sangbad Pratidin, Aajkaal, Jago Bangla, Uttarbanga Sambad and Ganashakti. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is a hub for flights to and from Bangladesh, East Asia, Nepal, Bhutan and north-east India. West Bengal Election 2021: 'স্ত্রীয়ের দখল নিতে পারে না, বেহালার দখল নেবে', সৌমিত্র খাঁকে খোঁচা তারকের . ... Data Briefs. 4) Some groups are very distinct. [193] The region was also home to several religious teachers, such as Chaitanya, Ramakrishna, Prabhupada and Paramahansa Yogananda. The judiciary is composed of the Calcutta High Court and a system of lower courts. [69] Significant strides have been made in reducing unemployment,[70] though the state suffers from substandard healthcare services,[71][72] a lack of socio-economic development,[73] poor infrastructure,[74] unemployment and civil violence. [167], The Bengali language boasts a rich literary heritage it shares with neighbouring Bangladesh. [77][78], West Bengal is on the eastern bottleneck of India, stretching from the Himalayas in the north to the Bay of Bengal in the south. Ironically Bengal does have a history of political resistance. It is celebrated with much fanfare in Kolkata as well as in rural Bengal. Ancient Bengal was the site of several major Janapadas, while the earliest cities date back to the Vedic period. According to a senior leader in the Hyderabad-based party, Owaisi has seen in West Bengal a fertile ground for his expansion plans, as Muslims constitute around 30 per cent of the state's population. [85] West Bengal receives the Bay of Bengal branch of the Indian Ocean monsoon that moves in a southeast to northwest direction. The population growth rate recorded for this decade (2001-2011) was 68.13%. Cargo ship service operates to ports in India and abroad, operated by the Shipping Corporation of India. Part of the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. [211], Some of the notable schools in the city are: Ramakrishna Mission Narendrapur, Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission, Sister Nivedita Girls' School, Hindu School, Hare School, La Martiniere Calcutta, Calcutta Boys' School, St. James' School (Kolkata), South Point School, St. Xavier's Collegiate School, and Loreto House, Loreto Convent, Asansol some of which rank amongst the best schools in the country. City Size and Population Density. Eden Gardens was one of only two 100,000-seat cricket stadiums in the world;[240] renovations before the 2011 Cricket World Cup reduced the capacity to 66,000. DEMOGRAPHY OF WEST BENGAL: Bengali Hindus consolidate a vast part of the population over here. Hinduism is the largest religious tradition in the Indian state of West Bengal with approximately 70.54% of the population identifying themselves as Hindus (as of 2011). [86], The "India State of Forest Report 2017", recorded forest area in the state is 16,847 km2 (6,505 sq mi),[87][88] while in 2013, forest area was 16,805 km2 (6,488 sq mi), which was 18.93% of the state's geographical area, compared to the then national average of 21.23%. “Bengalis and non Bengalis have always stood side by side, as brothers and sisters.” A key member of TMC’s communication wing said the party was keen to focus on the term “tourist gang” in its outreach. The description is composed by our digital data assistant. Bengali pride/asmita. [45] The Bengal Presidency was established in 1765; it later incorporated all British-controlled territory north of the Central Provinces (now Madhya Pradesh), from the mouths of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra to the Himalayas and the Punjab. [33] The first recorded independent king of Bengal was Shashanka, who reigned in the early 7th century. [35] After a period of anarchy,[36]:36 the Pala dynasty ruled the region for four hundred years beginning in the 8th century. [146] Marwari, Maithili and Bhojpuri speakers are scattered throughout the state; various indigenous ethnic Buddhist communities such as the Sherpas, Bhutias, Lepchas, Tamangs, Yolmos and ethnic Tibetans can be found in the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region. In early summer, brief squalls and thunderstorms known as Kalbaisakhi, or Nor'westers, often occur. [90] Part of the world's largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans in southern West Bengal. University of Calcutta (Focus Area—Electro-Physiological and Neuro-imaging studies including mathematical modelling) has also been selected under the "Centre with Potential for Excellence in a Particular Area" scheme. On this counts, Assam was ahead of West Bengal with a crime rate of 3.7. [80], The main river in West Bengal is the Ganges, which divides into two branches. [11] For many decades the state underwent political violence and economic stagnation. According to a senior leader in the Hyderabad-based party, Owaisi has seen in West Bengal a fertile ground for his expansion plans, as Muslims constitute around 30 per cent of the state’s population. The population of West Bengal makes up 7.8% of India’s total population. Natural resources like tea and jute in nearby areas has made West Bengal a major centre for the jute and tea industries. This indicates the importance of public provision of health services to mitigate against poverty and the impact of illness on poor households. In West Bengal, 7,820,710 children (0-6) live in rural areas. . The coastal region of Purba Medinipur exhibits coastal vegetation; the predominant tree is the Casuarina. Pandals are erected in various cities, towns, and villages throughout West Bengal. Religion wise, Hinduism is the major religion in West Bengal with 70.5%, followed by Muslim with 27%. 22% of women and 14% of men age 15–49 years have never attended school. Although some early Sanskrit literature mentions the name Vanga, the region's early history is obscure. “Both words are important. 5,65,19,760 (Persons) in 2011. [2] Bengalis, consisting of Bengali Hindus, Bengali Muslims, Bengali Christians and a few Bengali Buddhists, comprise the majority of the population. According to 2011 India census, Bengali Buddhists constitute 0.3% or 282,898 of the population in West Bengal. [176] Other writers include: Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, best known for his work Pather Panchali; Tarashankar Bandopadhyay, well known for his portrayal of the lower strata of society;[177] Manik Bandopadhyay, a pioneering novelist; and Ashapurna Devi, Shirshendu Mukhopadhyay, Saradindu Bandopadhyay, Buddhadeb Guha, Mahashweta Devi, Samaresh Majumdar, Sanjeev Chattopadhyay, Shakti Chattopadhyay, Buddhadeb Basu,[178] Joy Goswami and Sunil Gangopadhyay. [194] Bengal's vast repertoire of fish-based dishes includes hilsa preparations, a favourite among Bengalis. [54] In 1950 the Princely State of Cooch Behar merged with West Bengal. [22] This is the native name of the state, literally meaning "western Bengal" in the native Bengali language. Chhau dance of Purulia is a rare form of masked dance. [221], Jadavpur University (Focus area—Mobile Computing and Communication and Nano-science), and the University of Calcutta (Modern Biology) are among two of the fifteen universities selected under the "University with Potential for Excellence" scheme. Buddhists constitute 3.41% or 125,182 of the population in Tripura. [133][134] The Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) serves the northern parts of the state. Bengali Buddhists constitute 0.4% or 500,000 of the population in Bangladesh. [158], The literacy rate is 77.08%, higher than the national rate of 74.04%. [234], Cricket and association football are popular sports in the state. West Bengal is the fourth populous most state of India. While the summer in the delta region is noted for excessive humidity, the western highlands experience a dry summer like northern India. Blocks consists of panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. [231], Doordarshan is the state-owned television broadcaster. 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non bengali population in west bengal 2021