While they are herbaceous perennials by nature, they are grown as annuals for harvesting. Potato Solanum tuberosum is the common cultivated potato known for its starchy tubers. Solanum tuberosum L. Germany Courtesy of the Herbarium [1815508] Virginia Potatoes The Herball or the Generall Historie of Plantes ca. Genetic fusion of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) or the red fluorescent protein (mCherry) to the PVX CP resulted in fluorescent PVX filaments in plants. The RGD-PVX and PEG-PVX filaments showed contrast biodistribution profiles (Shukla et al., 2015a). In another study, repeated administration of PVX resulted in the generation of increased immune response, and PVX-immune complexes were observed in the mouse vasculature in vivo when imaged in real time using intravital two-photon laser scanning microscopy (2P-LSM) (Shukla et al., 2016). The WD40 Gene Family in Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.): Genome-Wide Analysis and Identification of Anthocyanin and Drought-Related WD40s. Solanum tuberosum L. (Solanaceae) known as potatoes is a globally important crop plant producing high yields of nutritionally valuable food in the form of tubers. The white potato is often referred to as the "Irish potato" because of Ireland’s 19th-century dependence on that vegetable as … On a higher taxonomic level, it is a member of the informally-named Potato Clade, a group of perhaps 200-300 species that also includes the tomato and its wild relatives (Bohs, 2005). Solanum tuberosum (potato) is the worlds fourth most important food crop after rice, wheat and maize. (2015) studied biodistribution of unlabeled, unpegylated, underivatized icosahedral Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV) and filamentous PVX by detecting antibodies and found that they are nontoxic and intrinsically endowed with peculiar properties. Map-based gene isolation projects have led to the development of several large-insert genomic libraries for diploid and tetraploid cultivated potato and a few key wild relatives. Biodistribution and tumor-homing properties of fluorescently labeled PEGylated PVX in vivo are very different when compared with spherical CPMV in human tumor xenografts (fibrosarcoma, squamous sarcoma, and colon cancer). The most abundant families were the PI-2 and PCPI families, representing 22 and 12% of all proteins in potato juice, respectively. Solanum tuberosum : Source: Solanaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Solanum tuberosum : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Glenn J. Bryan, in Potato Biology and Biotechnology, 2007. Winners will also be notified shortly. Unreviewed-Annotation score: -Protein predicted i ... Family and domain databases. Description Solanum tuberosum is the common cultivated potato known for its starchy tubers. Potato became the first vegetable to be grown in space in October 1995, with a goal of feeding astronauts during long space journeys. Solanum tuberosum) and other members of the Solanaceae family. If diseases occur, remove and destroy all affected plants. Potato skins are used in India to treat swollen gums and to heal burns [88]. SpyTag/SpyCatcher technology is used to covalently attach the Trichoderma reesei endoglucanase Cel12A to PVX nanoparticles, and the conjugated PVX particles displaying Cel12A showed enhanced enzyme activity (Roder et al., 2017). PVX exhibited higher tumor uptake and deeper penetration into tissues when compared with CPMV, particularly in the core of the tumor (Shukla et al., 2013). Most varieties of potatoes contain less than 5 mg/kg. Genus: Solanum L. Solanum tuberosum L.; Potato is a member of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), which also includes tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), aubergine or eggplant (S. melongena), chilli pepper (Capsicum annuum) and petunias (Petunia species). Solanum tuberosum ‘Lady Christl’ is a fairly recent introduction, bearing high, early yields of waxy tubers with glossy skin and a fantastic flavour. Potato growing produces a much higher value crop per hectare than cereal enterprises, but potato growers face much greater fluctuations in the level of prices and revenue as mentioned here. The white potato is often referred to as the "Irish potato" because of Ireland’s 19th-century dependence on that vegetable as its primary food source. Winners will also be notified shortly. The Auxin/indole-3-acetic acid (Aux/IAA) genes encode short-lived nuclear proteins that are known to be involved in the primary cellular responses to auxin. Fusarium solani (Mart.) In developing countries including those in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, production areas have doubled. In this study, a total of 26 potato Aux … Lico et al. Epub 2019 Nov 28. Solanum tuberosum : Source: Solanaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Solanum tuberosum : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: The present document represents a companion document to the Dir ective 94-08 (Dir94-08), entitled Assessment Criteria for Determining Environmental Safety of Plants with Novel Trait. 1. Solanum tuberosum (Potato) Status. The lectins have a common property of binding to specific carbohydrate structures on cell surfaces, e.g. Initially, cultivated potatoes were adapted to long-day conditions, but converted to short-day conditions following hybridization with a wild species. The increases in yield have only been possible as a result of improved agronomy and crop management skills which have developed in line with increasing concentration and specialization among growers in the UK. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Solanum tuberosum Linnaeus, Sp. This is because both heat-labile and heat-stable allergens can be present, and although thermal processes largely inactivate the protease inhibitors, anti-nutritional reactions can occur if raw or inadequately cooked potatoes are consumed or fed. Solanum tuberosum L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Solanum (family Solanaceae ). PVX can be detected easily in potato leaves and dormant and sprouted tubers by serology, using commercial ELISA kits, or by immunoelectron microscopy (Milne and Luisoni, 1977). ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123786128002067, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123849472005560, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128014752000014, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444510181500634, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128000182000224, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123943149000063, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444510181500518, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123849472005559, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444510181500439, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128163283000064. Demand for potatoes and potato products continues to increase in developing countries. Family as entered in IPNI Solanaceae Original Data Remarks Am. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Auxin/indole-3-acetic acid (Aux/IAA) proteins are transcriptional repressors that regulate auxin-mediated gene expression by interacting with members of the auxin response factor (ARF) family. Pl. Expansin is a type of cell wall elongation and stress relaxation protein involved in various developmental processes and stress resistances in plant. Concentrations of 14 mg/kg potato cause a bitter taste and 20 mg/kg causes a burning sensation in the mouth and throat. The white potato is often referred to as the "Irish potato" because of Ireland’s 19th-century dependence on that … inval. A global potato physical mapping strategy has been put into place and will serve as a template for a potato genome sequence. Potatoes were first introduced outside the Andes four centuries ago, and it is estimated that by the year 2020 over two billion people will depend on it for food, feed, or income. Where is this species invasive in the US. Expenditure and consumption part covers this aspect. PLRV, PVA, PVX, and PVY from dormant potato tubers can be detected by TaqMan® real-time RT-PCR (Agindotan et al., 2007) thus eliminating the need to sprout the tubers for biological or serological assays. PVX particles displaying mineralization-inducing (MIP) and integrin binding motif (RGD) peptides were used to support hydroxyapatite crystal nucleation, indicating its potential for bone tissue substitutes (Lauria et al., 2017). Solanum lycopersicon: plants annual, with aromatic, glandular hairs, anthers dehiscing by longitudinal slits, and berry 2–10 cm in diameter (vs. S. tuberosum, with plants perennial, from tubers, without aromatic, glandular hairs, anthers dehiscing by terminal pores, and berry 2–4 cm in diameter). Family: Solanaceae Juss. The present document represents a companion document to the Dir ective 94-08 (Dir94-08), entitled Assessment Criteria for Determining Environmental Safety of Plants with Novel Trait. This led to higher antibody titers that were specific to HER2. Exposure to light, sufficient to induce greening over a 20-day period, did not alter the levels of inhibitors in cultivar White Rose (Dao and Friedman, 1994). vulgare Macloskie, Rep. Princeton Univ. About Solanum tuberosum. The potato is a root vegetable native to the Americas, a starchy tuber of the plant Solanum tuberosum, and the plant itself is a perennial in the nightshade family, Solanaceae. Show more citation formats Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. In this study, we identified 36 potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) genes belonging to the expansin (StEXP) gene family from the genome reference. Steinmetz and coworkers evaluated in vivo capabilities of engineered CPMV and PVX particles delivering HER2 epitopes for therapy and prophylaxis of HER2+ malignancies, and it was found that CPMV particles showed significantly enhanced lymph node transport and retention, greater uptake by/activation of APCs, and elevated HER2-specific antibody titers compared with filamentous PVX particles (Shukla et al., 2017). Whether you prefer them roasted, mashed, baked, or fried, everybody loves a good spud. Potatoes are not usually considered a source of allergens. Exp. PVX nanoparticles carrying idiotypic (Id) tumor antigen-activated TLR7 induced high levels of protective antibody against murine B-cell lymphoma, where viral ssRNA genome acted as an adjuvant via TLR7 to stimulate IFN production (Jobsri et al., 2015). In the USA, each adult human consumes about 65 kg of potatoes/year. tuberosum (54 active accession[s]) Autonyms (not in … Potato virus X (PVX; Potexvirus, Alphaflexiviridae) is a monopartite positive-sense, ssRNA virus. In this study, a comprehensive analysis of the TPS gene family was … Common names: Potato, Tater, Spud, Tuber This is a framework phylogeny of the family Solanaceae. At present, a comprehensive analysis, i.e. Though not the most widely grown home garden vegetable, potatoes can be a very rewarding crop: 2 pounds of seed potatoes can yield 50 pounds of potatoes. The United States occupies fifth position. Spunta) were cultivated in a growth chamber at 19 °C or 22 °C, under a 12 h or 16 h light photoperiod (4000 lux light intensity), or in a greenhouse maintained between 22 °C and 24 °C, under a 16 h light photoperiod. Solanum tuberosum Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pomme de terre (homonymie) et Patate . The family Solanaceae contains such important food species as the potato (Solanum tuberosum), the tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), the pepper (Capsicum annuum) and the aubergine or egg plant (Solanum melongena). It is the fourth most important crop by volume of production and it gives high yields and high returns to farmers. China is ranked as the top producer (became the top producer) with 85 860 000 million metric tons contributing 23.3% of world production. The potato is native to the Peruvian-Bolivian Andes and is … 240000001016 Solanum tuberosum Species 0.000 description 3 239000001963 growth media Substances 0.000 description 3 238000009630 liquid culture Methods 0.000 description 3 Nicotiana tabacum, originally from South America, is now cultivated throughout the world to produce tobacco. Biodistribution studies revealed that PVX particles are generally safe, well tolerated, with high bioavailability, broad biodistribution, and relatively short persistence in animal models (Wen et al., 2012a). Potato has arguably revolutionized western society as much as trains, planes and automobiles. The compounds can cause neurological impairments, vomiting, and diarrhea. Potato is mainly used as a staple food but also has a number of medicinal values. It cannot grow in the shade. There has been an increase in potato production at an annual rate of 4.5% over the last 10 years. 阳芋 yang yu Herbs erect or sprawling, 30-80 cm tall, glabrous or sparsely pubescent with simple and glandular hairs. However, systematic identification and analysis of WD40 proteins have not yet been reported in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Same citation as Solanum tuberosum L., Species Plantarum (1753). Potato, (Solanum tuberosum), annual plant in the nightshade family (Solanaceae), grown for its starchy edible tubers. Genus: Solanum L. Solanum tuberosum L.; Potato is a member of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), which also includes tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), aubergine or eggplant (S. melongena), chilli pepper (Capsicum annuum) and petunias (Petunia species). Based on the sequencing of a complete cDNA encoding a potato lectin, the molecular structure has been determined and has provided insight into the physiological role of Solanaceae lectins (Van Damme et al., 2004). Trehalose-6-phosphate synthase (TPS) serves important functions in plant desiccation tolerance and response to environmental stimuli. P. Padmanabhan, ... G. Paliyath, in Encyclopedia of Food and Health, 2016. Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of the GSK gene family in Solanum tuberosum L. under abiotic stress and phytohormone treatments and functional characterization of StSK21 involvement in salt stress Gene. Unreviewed-Annotation score: -Protein predicted i ... Family and domain databases. chiloense (A. The importance of potatoes within the UK's agricultural industry and how the crop compares with other crop enterprises are summarized. Greening in a potato is evidence of excessive exposure to light. The MYB family is one of the largest and most important gene families, participating in the regulation of plant growth and development and response to abiotic stresses. Epub 2018 Jun 9. Potatoes are subject to several fungal, bacterial and viral diseases. The Anacardiaceae is a small but well known family, consisting of 60 to 80 genera and about 600 species (Cronquist, 1981). 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