At 11.3%, Bihar has the second-lowest urbanisation rate in India after Himachal Pradesh. [95][94] Despite these shortcomings, Bihar has shown gradual signs of improvement for female health workers,[87] death rate, and infant, neo-natal, child and maternal morality rates. He declared war and conquered the Vajji. [15] The official languages are Hindi and Urdu, although other languages are common, including Maithili, Magahi, Bhojpuri and other Bihari languages. [35] Sita, a daughter of one of the Janaks of Mithila is mentioned as the consort of Lord Rama, in the Hindu epic Ramayana, written by Valmiki. Crocodiles (including muggers) and Gangetic turtles can be found in the river systems. Other tributaries are the Son, Budhi Gandak, Chandan, Orhani and Phalgu. 1928), Patna Women's College, Bihar Veterinary College (est. [102], Among the states of India, Bihar is the fourth-largest producer of vegetables and the eighth-largest producer of fruits. Central parts of Bihar have some small hills, such as the Rajgir hills. [63], Most of Bihar's population belongs to Indo-Aryan-speaking ethnic groups. Find what to do today, this weekend or in January. The name Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word, Vihara which means “abode”. [143] Some other centres of high learning established under British rule are Patna College (est. The Springboard for India’s independence! Traditionally, this form was practised mainly by women, passed down generation to generation. The name Bihar is a derivative from Vihara, which means ‘monastery’. [169] The Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bhagalpur, was established in 2017. Famous Persons from Bihar. In 2007, NIT Patna was granted Institute of National Importance status, in accordance with the National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007. [127] The industry produces over one hundred films per year. Hence, the name of the State was used to denote the home or the abode of the Buddhist monks residing here. Biharis are the backbone of India's administration. During this time many sad plays and songs called birha became popular in the Bhojpur region, as Bhojpuri Birha. It was from here that Buddhism was spread in different parts of the world. He also served as the chief minister and the governor general of the country. [120] [48] In 1540, the great Pathan chieftain, Sher Shah Suri, took northern India from the Mughals and declared Delhi his capital. Image:, The first Prime Minister of Mauritius, Seewoosagur Ramgoolam hailed from Bihar. [163][needs update]. Films such as Bidesiya ("Foreigner", 1963, directed by S. N. Tripathi) and Ganga ("Ganges", 1965, directed by Kundan Kumar) were profitable and popular, but in general Bhojpuri films were not commonly produced in the 1960s and 1970s. [130], The famous Jain temple Jal Mandir at Pawapuri, Sita Kund at Sitamarhi, Mithila, Bihar is believed to be the birthplace of Hindu Goddess Sita[131], Biharbandhu was the first Hindi newspaper published in Bihar. The main northern tributaries are the Gandak and Koshi, which originate in the Nepalese Himalayas, and the Bagmati, which originates in the Kathmandu Valley. [148][149][needs update]. Bihar, a popular state in India is stuffed with plenty of tourist attractions which can be experienced via a number of wholesome Bihar Tour Packages.Apart from Patna, which is the capital city here, there are many appealing and spiritual places that are seated in Bihar. Those who practised this art form were descendants of Hindu artisans of Mughal painting. 22. Whereas, Magadha, Vaishali, Mithila, Anga, Sakyapradesh, Vijji, Janaka were considered as important kingdoms. It has three constituent colleges namely, Bihar Veterinary College, Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Dairy Technology (Patna) and College of Fisheries, Kishanganj. Image:, Bihar’s Vaishali district is considered the first republic in the world. [83] The government has prohibited the sale and consumption of alcohol in the state since March 2016,[84] which has been linked to a drop in tourism[85] and a rise in substance abuse. [53][54], In the northern and central regions of Bihar, the Kisan Sabha (peasant movement) was an important consequence of the independence movement. It is believed that the last and most famous Jain Tirthankara, Mahavira spent 14 … The sex ratio was 918 females per 1000 males. GIF: There is much more to Bihar than its unique dialect and the famous politician Lalu Prasad Yadav. Vaishali is also the birthplace of Lord Mahavir. After the Battle of Buxar (1764), the British East India Company obtained the diwani rights (rights to administer and collect tax revenue) for Bihar, Bengal and Odisha. Image:, The Mundeshwari temple in Bihar is known as the oldest Hindu temple in India. It began in 1929 under the leadership of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati who formed the Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha (BPKS), to mobilise peasant grievances against the zamindari attacks on their occupancy rights. In March 2019, the government of Bihar has sent a proposal to centre Government to upgrade Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital into an AIIMS-like institution. [135], The beginning of the 20th century was marked by a number of notable new publications. Almost every district has a DM or SP from Bihar. Though the foothills of the Himalayas begin in Nepal, a short distance to the north, these mountains influence Bihar's landforms, climate and hydrology. Besides being a Buddhist circuit, Bihar has many things worth knowing. A perfect reminisce to the time of flourishing Gupta and Pala period, Nalanda is an acclaimed tourist attraction in Bihar. On 8 August 2008, Indian Institutes of Technology Patna was inaugurated with students from all over India[150] In 2008, NSIT opened its new college in Bihta, which is now emerging as an education hub. It has been regarded as the second most important state that has produced many numbers of IAS officers. [16] From Magadha arose India's first empire, the Maurya empire, as well as one of the world's most widely adhered-to religions: Buddhism. A monthly magazine named Bharat Ratna was started in Patna, in 1901. 1905; now Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agriculture University, Pusa). The Mauryan Empire, which originated from Magadha in 325 BC, was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, who was born in Magadha. These arguments often rely on references to historical or current famous people and places from Bihar. Here is the top facts about Bihar. [144] Bihar is striving to increase female literacy, now at 53.3%. It is 13th largest state by area and the 3rd largest by population. Medieval writer Minhaj al-Siraj Juzjani records in the Tabaqat-i Nasiri that in 1198 Bakhtiyar Khalji committed a massacre in a town identified with the word, later known as Bihar Sharif, about 70 km (43 mi) away from Bodh Gaya.[29][30]. Its capital is Patna. [170], Above: a village market. [87][88] While the National Health Mission, the Clinical Establishments Act of 2010, and the formation of the Empowered Action Group (EAG)[89] provide federal funds to expand and improve healthcare services, Bihar's ability to fully utilise this funding is lacking.[87][88]. [13] Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is the lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh. Learn more about the history, culture, and government of Bihar in this article. In contrast to prior governments, which emphasised divisions of caste and religion, his political platform was based on economic development, reduction of crime and corruption, and greater social equality. Gaya is another centre of classical music, particularly of the Tappa and Thumri varieties. It mostly depicts human beings and their association with nature. [90][91][92][93] Corruption is enabled as Bihar lacks continuity and transparency of health reporting as required by the Clinical Establishments Act of 2010. May It Be Politics, Economy, Social Or Religious Any Aspect Bihar Has Made Its Own Space In Every Field. Anil Agarwal Age: (66) #Businessperson. Mauryan emperor Ashoka, who was born in Pataliputra (Patna), is often considered to be among the most accomplished rulers in world history. 3. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. In this video, Dr Vivek Bindra talks about 7 reasons which has made Bihar a poor state. The prestigious Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Harvard University has invited him to speak on his noble efforts. It was during this period that the capital of Mithila was shifted to Darbhanga.[50][51]. At one point in time, Bihar was the capital state under the Mauryan empire and had Magadha, Anga, Vijji, Janaka, amongst many others as its important kingdoms. Hindi was introduced in the law courts in Bihar in 1880. 2011 census", "Bihar's 'first' Economic Survey Report tabled", "Centrally Planned Inequality: The Tale of Two States – Punjab and Bihar", Leaders of Bihar unite to counter Raj Thackeray, "Biharis get work at home, bashers realise their worth", "English makes inroads in Bihar villages", "Eminent Gandhian Dr A N Sinha, First Bihar Deputy CM cum Finance Minister", "30 Killed in Northeast Violence in India", "Bihar's first crocodile conservation reserve near Karkatgarh soon", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Urban and Rural Population of India 2011", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Bihar elections among factors in religious data of Census 2011 release", "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Bihar", "Bhojpuri is not the only language in Bihar", "लोकसभा में उठी मगही, भोजपुरी को आठवीं अनुसूची में शामिल करने की मां", "Bihar Civic elections likely in May 2017", "बिहार : नगर विकास एवं आवास विभाग की पहल, पुनर्गठन से नगर परिषदों की बढ़ जायेगी संख्या", "पहली बार कोई महिला बनेगी पटना नगर निगम की मेयर", "छपरा को निगम बख्तियारपुर को मिला नगर परिषद का दर्जा", "Bihar a byword for worst of India: The Economist", "State Wise Seat Won & Valid Votes Polled by Political Parties", "The Decline of Communist Mass Base in Bihar: Jagannath Sardar", "Nitish Kumar government orders corrupt official's home to be made into school", "Bihar fixes time for Friday prayers by its employees", "Bihar Brings New Law on Alcohol Ban After HC Quashed Old One", "Bihar witnesses serious drop in tourism after liquor ban", "Udta Bihar: Huge spike in substance abuse, alcohol bootlegging year after ban", "Tracking financial resources for primary health care in BIHAR, India. 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